Crossing Uneven Ground

How to Visit a Japanese Onsen (Hot Spring Spa)

Japan’s northern most island, Hokkaido, is a lot like my native Wisconsin. There are four seasons and the landscape is a patchwork of farm fields and forest. Agriculture is big here. We are visiting in autumn and trees I recognize from home, aspen and maple, are beginning to blaze. Unlike the American Midwest however, Hokkaido is a mountainous place and the mountains are often volcanic. New mountains rise from former farm fields and vast calderas mark places where entire volcanoes blew their tops leaving large, lapis lazuli lakes.

Japanese culture involves ritual evening baths. Day’s end is time to unwind and a soak in a hot tub does the trick. At the intersection of bath and volcano lies the onsen or Japanese hot spring spa. Natives and foreigners alike flock to Hokkaido to visit a Japanese onsen, bathe in outdoor hot tubs and soak in nature’s beauty.

We are at the Choyo Resort Hotel in Sounkyo which is in the Daisetsuzan National Park right in the middle of Hokkaido. The Choyo sits at the base of Sounkyo Gorge where the Ishikari River rips its way through crystallized, columnar basaltic cliffs. Hot springs percolate up along the Ishikari and it is here where Joanne and I will take the waters.

Choyo Resort Hotel

It is early October and snow fell on our Japanese onsen, the Choyo Resort Hotel.

We take a resort-provided bus from Sapporo and during the three hour ride we relish the feeling of being world travelers again. I hear a lot of Japanese and a little Chinese being spoken. No other Americans here. We are trepidatious without much Japanese language under our belts, but I can order a beer and ask where the toilet is in several languages (Joanne is much better than me), so we plunge in, confident our Japanese hosts will look after us and after all, how much trouble can you get into at a spa? The answers to my obviously set-up question is…some. There are rules and they start right after check-in when we get to our room.

Slippers. It is well known that when you enter a Japanese house you take off your shoes. Often, you will be provided slippers. At our onsen, we don slippers as soon as we enter our room, but wait! Five feet further forward the flooring is tatami mat. Tatami mat is a woven rice straw and found in traditional Japanese digs. The rule is never wear footwear on a tatami mat floor so no sooner did we get slippered-up than we quickly de-slipper to walk on the tatami. A separate set of slippers is provided for the toilet. They have Japanese characters on them that I imagine say “toilet slippers”. I also imagine it is considered gross to wear your toilet slippers elsewhere in the onsen.

Wearing slippers.

Leave your shoes at the door. Slippers are provided for the guest rooms.

Toilet slippers

Leave your room slippers in the room, the toilet has dedicated slippers.

Pajama wear. Pajamas are appropriate garb for the rigorous routine of bath, nap, eat, repeat. They are provided. You can wear them everywhere and all the time, even outside and around the town. While I am on the record for being completely against pajama wear outside the house in the USA, I happily accept onsen jamminess as a matter of “when in Rome…”


Joanne and I wear our Noguchi designed pajamas everywhere around the onsen. Here we are in the main entrance hall.

Tatami mat room

Joanne poses in our traditional tatami mat room.

Meals. At our excellent onsen, breakfast and dinner are provided. They are all you can eat buffet affairs. The Japanese call this “Viking Style”. The food is great and ranges from pizza, hamburgers and pasta to all manner of Japanese fare including sashimi (raw fish) and a variety of Japanese noodle dishes. Coffee, some soups, and soft serve ice cream are dispensed from machines. The machines have paragraphs of Japanese instructions with little or no English. We managed fairly well, but at one point I apparently started to use the coffee machine overflow tank (really it looked like a large mug) as my drinking cup but was quickly corrected by a nice Japanese lady who directed me to the appropriate vessel.

Breakfast tray of food

For breakfast I opt for a little Western as well as some Japanese food.

Ice cream machine

Instructions for self-serve, soft-serve ice cream were in Japanese but we figured it out.

The bath. The baths are the hub around which the onsen turns. There are separate baths for men and women. Upon entering the spacious bathing area you remove your pajamas and store them in a basket. There are two rules here: 1) You must shower before you enter the baths and 2) no soaping or scrubbing up in a bath. (There is another obvious rule: no photos in the bath. A sign says they’ll call the cops on you for that.) You get a big towel for drying off after you’re done and a little towel. You hold the little towel over your nether regions as you walk from bath to bath and wear it folded on your head when in a bath. There are several baths, some outside in nature, others inside. I really enjoy the natural experience. As slightly sulphurous-smelling, opalescent water streamed into the natural rock pool I felt a deep sense of well-being take over. Perhaps it is true that the waters have healing properties. It was raining outside and my pool looked out over a scene of autumn yellow trees and mossy rocks. In my mind the gentle staccato beat of rain on stone segued into the plucking notes of a shamisen and the tableau was complete.

Photo of hot tubs

I couldn’t take pictures in the bath area but this photo of some of the tubs was hanging in the lobby.

Joanne and I thoroughly enjoyed our onsen experience. Rain kept us from some of the other attractions like taking the cable car from Sounkyo town up the mountain but we enjoyed the down time. Travel in Japan can be hectic. We had recently come from Tokyo and found it to be crowded and overwhelming at times. Our onsen visit was a contrast. The rushing river cascading through a tawny, wooded valley provided the backdrop for a deeply relaxing, satisfying cultural experience. As we boarded the bus back to Sapporo the onsen staff gathered and waved to wish us farewell. We waved back and I melted into my seat still warm from the waters and the genuine Japanese hospitality.

Muneo Nagaoka

Special thanks to our good friend Muneo Nagaoka and to his late father Professor Kingo Nagaoka for making this trip possible!



13 thoughts on “How to Visit a Japanese Onsen (Hot Spring Spa)

  1. Joy

    Tom and Joanne, you’d make good guides for novice Japan travellers! Lovely painting in your room. It’s never quite comfortable sitting at the low tables is it though Joanne looks very happy. Wish I could still sit on my legs but then many Japanese people can’t do that these days. Was amused by your croissant and no rice for breakfast. Sitting in an onsen with rain falling sounds blissful. Hope the rest of your trip is as peaceful.


  2. karen rondinelli

    Tom – you are an amazingly gifted writer. I am thoroughly enjoying reading your blog and find myself traveling vicariously as well. Hugs to you and Joanne. Mankitsu!


  3. Toshio Asai

    We just took a trip to Ise where G7 Summit had been held last weekend.
    I realize we do chage slippers when we go to the toilet.
    And we do not wear them on a tatami room.
    Debbie takes pictures of Rotenburo when nobody takes a bath.
    She hides her camera of course!

  4. Margo

    What a humorous and descriptive blog Tom. You truly have the gift. Felt like I had taken the trip and didn’t need a passport!

    1. Tom Post author

      Thanks Margo. We’re really having a great time exploring Japan and visiting old friends. The only negative…no Packer games on TV or internet. ☹️

      Otherwise it’s great fun!

    1. Tom Post author

      I’ve experienced Asia…visited Japan three times, seen fascinating new places, tasted strange & delicious foods, made lifelong friends and introduced Tom to all of this too.
      Thanks to you. Domo arigato!

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